Medical Humanities Teaching in North American Allopathic and Osteopathic Medical Schools

Although the AAMC requires annual reporting of medical humanities instructing, most literature is predicated on single-school case reviews and research utilizing data reported on colleges’ web sites.

This examine sought to find what medical humanities is obtainable in North American allopathic and osteopathic undergraduate medical colleges. An 18-question, semi-structured survey was distributed to all 146 (as of June 2016) member colleges of the American Association of Medical Colleges and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine.

Medical Humanities Teaching in North American Allopathic and Osteopathic Medical Schools
Medical Humanities Teaching in North American Allopathic and Osteopathic Medical Schools

The survey sought data on required and elective humanities content material, hours of humanities instruction, kinds of disciplines, participation charges, and humanities administrative construction. The survey was accomplished by 134 colleges (145 AAMC; 31 AACOM). 70.8% of faculties provided required and 80.6% provided electives in humanities. Global well being and writing have been the most typical disciplines.

Schools required 43.9 imply (MD 45.4; DO 37.1) and 30 (MD 29; DO 37.5) median hours in humanities. In the primary two years, most humanities are built-in into different course work; most electives are provided as stand-alone courses. 50.0% of faculties report solely 0-25% of scholars taking part in humanities electives.

Presence of a certificates, focus or arts journal elevated chance of humanities content material however decreased imply hours.

Schools with a medical humanities MA had the next variety of required humanities hours. Medical humanities content material in undergraduate curriculum is decrease than is indicated in the AAMC annual report. Schools with a proper construction have a better humanities presence in the curriculum and are taken by extra college students.

Getting the water-carrier to gentle the lamps”: Discrepant function perceptions of conventional, complementary, and various medical practitioners in authorities well being amenities in India

The authorities of India has, over the previous decade, carried out the “integration” of conventional, complementary and various medical (TCAM) practitioners, particularly practitioners of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-rigpa, and Homoeopathy (collectively identified by the acronym AYUSH), in authorities well being companies.

A spread of operational and moral challenges has manifested throughout this course of of huge well being system reform. We explored the practices and perceptions of well being system actors, in relation to AYUSH suppliers’ roles in authorities well being companies in three Indian states – Kerala, Meghalaya, and Delhi.

Research strategies included 196 in-depth interviews with a variety of well being coverage and system actors and beneficiaries, between February and October 2012, and evaluation of nationwide, state, and district-level coverage paperwork regarding AYUSH integration.

The thematic ‘framework’ method was utilized to research knowledge from the interviews, and systematic content material evaluation carried out on coverage paperwork. We discovered that the roles of AYUSH suppliers are steadily ambiguously said and variably interpreted, in relation to varied features of their apply, similar to outpatient care, prescribing rights, emergency duties, obstetric companies, night time duties, and referrals throughout programs of medication.

Work sharing is variously interpreted by totally different well being system actors as complementing allopathic apply with AYUSH apply, or allopathic apply, by AYUSH suppliers to complement the work of allopathic practitioners.

Interactions amongst AYUSH practitioners and their well being system colleagues steadily happen in a context of partial data, preconceived notions, energy imbalances, and distrust.

In some notable cases, collegial relationships and apt divisions of obligations are noticed.

Widespread normative ambivalence across the roles of AYUSH suppliers, sophisticated by the logistical constraints prevalent in poorly resourced programs, has the potential to undermine the therapeutic practices and motivation of AYUSH suppliers, in addition to the general effectivity and efficiency of built-in well being companies.

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